When it comes to gaining muscle and size, first understanding your body type is an important consideration to achieving the fitness, muscle, and symmetry goals you are aspiring or aiming to achieve.
The three main body types also referred to as ‘somatotypes’ were developed in the 1940’s by psychologist William Herbert Sheldon explaining the main physical differences that exist among humans musculoskeletal structure. Whilst many of the concepts of body types have been debunked, new research has confirmed that these different body types do have implications for athletic performance. The literature is beginning to show some findings that positively link mesomorph men to improved performance on compound lifts like back squats and bench press, whilst in terms of aerobic performance mesomorphs and ectomorphs performed better in aerobic capacity than endomorphs. Contrary to what you might find, hear, or read, somatotypes can be influenced by the type of training they do and the way they eat which this article will explore in more detail. However, to set the scene, let’s first that a look at what characteristics comprise these different body types.